At the end of March I’ll be teaching a plein air landscape painting course in the Swiss Alps. The class is organized by the Alpine Atelier in Gryon, Switzerland. I’ve always loved the views in Switzerland and this particular area has been one of my favorite places to paint.
Here are a few of my favorite Alpine landscape paintings by historic artists.
Edward Theodore Compton was a British painter, trained in Munich (probably at the same time as Duveneck). He was an avid mountaineer and climbed 300 mountains, including 27 first accents. He settled in Bavaria and traveled the world painting mountain views.
Edward Theodore Compton. The Aletschhorn in Switzerland
Edward Theodore Compton. Grossglockner.
His children were also painters, and his son Edward Harrison Compton produced some of the most incredible landscape paintings I’ve ever seen. He unfortunately suffered from polio in his late 20s and had to give up the Alpine views. His English and Sicilian views are equally stunning though. The BBC has three here and this German auction house has more (unfortunately small) images.
Edward Harrison Compton. Monte Rosa and Lyskamm seen from Gornergrat.
Edward Harrison Compton. Kirchstein.
Eugen Felix Prosper Bracht was a Swiss painter. His dates are 1842-1921. The Athenaeum shows he painted a lot in the Middle East, but it’s hard to find any information about him online. For a country with so few well-known painters, they should step up a bit and promote these amazing works.
Eugen Felix Prosper Bracht. The Matterhorn from the West.
Luckily the Americans are never short of promotion. Here’s a great Sargent from the Simplon Pass.
John Singer Sargent. Simplon Pass.
And Edgar Payne.
Edgar Payne. Saint Gervais.
Isaac Levitan painted some Alpine views while traveling in Switzerland in 1897.
Isaac Levitan. Mont Blanc. (Apologies for the image quality).
It’s that time of year again. Days are shorter, the rain is back, and the trees have all gone garish reds and yellows. I’m not a big fan of Autumn landscapes, but as I still have to paint outside, I thought I’d try to find some inspirational paintings to help me along. Inness was probably the greatest painter of fall, and by the sheer amount of scenes he did this time of year, it would appear he really enjoyed it.
George Inness. Early Autumn, Montclair. 1888.
The problem I have with painting fall scenes is that is very easy to end up looking like a Sierra Club calendar (no offense to the Sierra Club) in the sense that the views can be too beautiful. A story I often tell my students is about the time I watched dolphins jumping in the Pacific at sunset, a stunning thing to see, and very moving, but under no circumstances would I ever recommend anyone try to make a painting of dolphins jumping at sunset. Some things can be inspiring and beautiful without being remotely picturesque and it is part of the landscape painter’s job to decide which is which.
Here are a couple of Levitans as well:
Isaac Levitan. On the Volga. 1887-88.
Isaac Levitan. Golden Autumn, 1895.
If anyone has more good Autumn landscape paintings to recommend, I’d love to see them.
With landscape season in full swing I thought I’d do a post about my favorite historic landscape painters. I’ve added the names in Cyrillic in case you want to check Google images for more work.
First and foremost, Isaac Levitan (Исаак Левитан):
March by Isaac Levitan. Oil on canvas, 60 x 75 cm, 1895.
Birch Forest by Isaac Levitan. Oil on canvas 1885-1889
Isaac Levitan has been my favorite landscape painter from the first time I saw his work in reproduction. A few years ago I went to Russia and was almost in tears in front of the original paintings (though that could have also been the vodka hangover). His technical prowess is astonishing when you see the paintings in person. Some of his brush work would be gimmicky in the hands of anyone else. For example, in one painting of an old wood barn, he laid on impastos, then glazed them, then lightly wiped off the glaze so the darker color stayed just in the ‘valleys’ of the impasto. It works from a distance, but, amazingly, it works also if you ‘sniff’ (in the words of Gilbert Stuart) the painting. I’ve never seen anyone who could pull that trick off, and I have tried it myself a few times with terrible results.
“In Birch Forest”, pictured above, half of the painting appears to have been done with the same unmixed transparent green pigment, and the changing hue and high chroma in the glazing on the whites of the tree-trunks is alone worth the trip to Moscow.
The variety of his subjects and compositions has always inspired me. But most of all, the sense of meaning he instills in every painting. When you look at his landscapes there is something so much greater than just simply the view being depicted. His best landscapes are filled with a profound philosophical meaning beyond anything I’ve seen painted before. For me, this is art at its highest level. Recalling the French academicians with their hierarchy of painting which held landscape in third place, I think “they never saw a Levitan”.
Isaac Levitan’s By the Mill-Pond. Oil on canvas 1891
There is an interesting article here on Levitan’s By the Mill-Pond.
Ivan Shiskin (Иван Шишкин):
A Rye Field by Ivan Shishkin. Oil on canvas, 107 x 187 cm, 1878
The baby bear paintings I can do without, but the painting above is one of my all time favorites. I love the personality in each of the trees. My wife wants a large landscape for our apartment (we can’t afford one of mine) so I plan on copying it. If I had to have any painting on my wall it would be this one.
Vereshchagin. Hazreti Shakh-i-Zindeh Mausoleum in Samarkand. 1869-70
Vereshchagin. Chuguchak Doors
Vereshchagin, The Taj Mahal at Agra
Here is a painter I had never heard of until I visited Russia. His work was incredible when I saw it in the museums. They didn’t have the artist’s names in English so I copied down the Cyrillic characters on a piece of paper and took it to bookstores afterwards, only to find that books on Vereshchagin are few and far between. The reproductions I’ve found on the internet are also less than ideal so you’ll just have to take my word for how good this guy was. Apparently he was an officer in the Russian army and traveled across Asia on campaign, painting these gems. I assume they were painted from life, as it is hard to imaging how else he could have done them.
The paintings of Samarkand in Uzbekistan were especially stunning. One of my favorites was a stetch of the Medrasah Shir-Dhor at Registan place in Samarkand. (It was also interesting to see difference between the small plein air sketch in which the place looks like a quiet historic site with a few market stalls, and the larger, dramatic studio painting with camels, heads on poles and raving Central Asian warriors).
His later studio work from Munich of large, crudely painted battle scenes I was less fond of, but I can imagine how someone with the sensitivity to create the plein air sketches above could have been affected by the brutality and horror of nineteenth century military campaigns.